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Adverbs

Updated: 6-28-2011 7:21 AM

Adverbs specify such things as time, place, manner or degree. They typically modify verbs and verb clauses.

gigizheb  =  in the morning

agwajiing  =  outside

aapiji  =  very, really

Adverbs have recently been differentiated from particles in Ojibwemowin, and are in some places, still referred to as particles.

Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of degree indicate intensity or degree. There is some overlap with quantificational adverbs.

aapiji  =  very, really

onzaam  =  too much, excessively, extremely

 Conjunctive Adverb

Conjunctive adverbs connect phrases, clauses and sentences.

giishpin  =  if

miinwaa  =  and, also, again

 Evidential Adverb

Evidential adverbs are used to indicate the nature or reliability of information, and are frequently used when the events reported are not firsthand knowledge to the speaker.

iidog  =  maybe, must be

 Interrogative Adverb

Interrogative adverbs are used in questions; they are related to interrogative pronouns, and are sometimes cross-classified as such.

aaniish  =  what

 Locational Adverb

Locational adverbs indicate the location of an action, state or event.

jiigibiig  =  along the shore, by the water

Locational adverbs are sometimes also called quantificational prenouns.

 Manner Adverb

Manner adverbs indicate the manner or way that an action or event is undertaken.

gegaa  =  nearly, almost

weweni  =  properly, correctly, carefully

 Negative Adverb

Negative adverbs have either a negative meaning or function to create negation with verbs. The second class, which function to create negation with verbs, requires that the associated verb be marked for negative inflection.

gego  =  don’t

gaawiin  =  no, not

 Quantificational Adverb

Quantificational adverbs specify in general terms how much or how many. Quantificational adverbs also include quantifiers such as numbers and nouns that have been modified with quantificational prenoun elements.

bangii  =  a little, few

gakina  =  all

niizh =  two

 Temporal Adverb

Temporal adverbs indicate the time or duration of an action, state or event.

baamaa  =  later